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Title: Monte Carlo simulations of single crystals from polymer solutions
Authors: Zhang, Jianing 
Muthukumara, M. 
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Source: Zhang, J., & Muthukumar, M. (2007). Monte Carlo simulations of single crystals from polymer solutions. The Journal of chemical physics, 126(23), 234904.
Journal: The Journal of Chemical Physics 
Abstract: A novel “anisotropic aggregation” model is proposed to simulate nucleation and growth of polymer single crystals as functions of temperature and polymer concentration in dilute solutions. Prefolded chains in a dilute solution are assumed to aggregate at a seed nucleus with an anisotropic interaction by a reversible adsorption/desorption mechanism, with temperature, concentration, and seed size being the control variables. The Monte Carlo results of this model resolve the long-standing dilemma regarding the kinetic and thermal roughenings, by producing a rough-flat-rough transition in the crystal morphology with increasing temperature. It is found that the crystal growth rate varies nonlinearly with temperature and concentration without any marked transitions among any regimes of polymer crystallization kinetics. The induction time increases with decreasing the seed nucleus size, increasing temperature, or decreasing concentration. The apparent critical nucleus size is found to increase exponentially with increasing temperature or decreasing concentration, leading to a critical nucleus diagram composed in the temperature-concentration plane with three regions of different nucleation barriers: no growth, nucleation and growth, and spontaneous growth. Melting temperatures as functions of the crystal size, heating rate, and concentration are also reported. The present model, falling in the same category of small molecular crystallization with anisotropic interactions, captures most of the phenomenology of polymer crystallization in dilute solutions.
DOI: 10.1063/1.2740256
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Publications

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